As if bed bugs bites weren’t bad enough, new research suggests these pests could continue to take a toll even after they’re eliminated. And we’re not talking about the psychological effects of a bed bug infestation. Your local NJ bed bug exterminator may soon be offering cleaning services in addition to bed bug treatment.
Bed Bug Poop Makes People Sick Even After Pest Eradication
A recent North Carolina State University study revealed the danger from bed bugs remains even after successful extermination in the form of their droppings. Poop from the pests was found to contain large amounts of histamine. In their study, the histamine was discovered in the dust of treated homes, where it was detected both before and after the bugs were banished. Histamine levels in infested homes were a whopping 20 times higher than those in homes with no bed bugs.
A Potential New Indoor Contaminant
Break out the mattress encasements. Your body’s histamines help the immune system repair injuries and combat germs, but they can also have damaging effects, resulting in rashes after physical contact and respiratory issues after inhalation of histamine particles. Even 3 months after extermination, histamine levels failed to decline, meaning rigorous cleaning may soon become an important part of bed bug treatment.
The resurgence in bed bugs over the last decade shows no signs of abating. In fact, more than 6.7 million online searches over the past year focused on these nocturnal pests. Our NJ bed bug specialists offer this important information about these annoying insects from the New Jersey Department of Health.
Bed bugs are roughly the size of an apple seed, small enough to fit into narrow crevices but large enough to be seen with the naked eye. They’re oval-shaped with a flat, wingless, rust-colored body and antennae.
While bed bugs are a nuisance, they don’t transmit diseases. Bed bug bites are generally painless but they can develop into an itchy rash, especially if the affected person has allergic sensitivities to the insect’s saliva.
Signs of a Bed Bug Infestation
Red bites and welts are often the first signs of bed bugs. In addition, you may find tiny dark spots from crushed bed bugs or bed bug droppings on sheets and mattresses.
How Do Bed Bugs Enter a Home?
Contrary to popular belief, a bed bug infestation doesn’t mean a dirty home. Bed bugs are opportunistic pests that attach themselves to clothing, furniture and other items brought into buildings.
“How long have these bed bugs been here?” If your NJ bed bug exterminator got a nickel every time he was asked this question, he’d likely be rich. And there’s more to the answer than peace-of-mind. Determining when a bed bug infestation began can help you determine fault, pursue litigation, and assign responsibility for treatment.
Can I Determine When Bed Bugs Arrived?
With long-term infestations (months to years), determining the length of infestation by observation is difficult. However, with shorter term infestations discovered within a couple of months, timing can be gauged fairly well. Examination and evidence could point to a time span that may determine the source of your infestation (e.g. hotel stay, etc.).
Puzzling Out Bed Bug Infestation Timelines
The number of adult bed bugs can be useful in determining a timeline and treatment, taking 7 weeks from egg-to-adulthood. Exuviae, the shed skin of the insects, can also be used. Assuming 72-degree room temperature and feeding opportunity, bed bugs eggs take 10 days to hatch. Newborn nymphs require 1 week for development between molts. Shedding and bug sizing point to lifespan:
– First Instar Nymph: 1.5mm long
– Second Instar Nymph: 2mm
– Third: 2.5mm
– Fourth: 3mm
– Fifth: 4.5mm
– Adult: 5.5mm
Catch bed bug infestations early! Seek out the source of infestation for faster, easier eradication, and lower priced treatment. Contact your neighborhood NJ bed bug exterminator at Stern Environmental today.