Groundhogs are also known as woodchucks. Groundhogs are rodents that are a member of the squirrel family. They can be found in many rural locations like fields, pastures, ditches, and storm drainage pipes. Groundhogs can also be found in residential areas under homes, patios, stored lumber, under decks and even in garages. These unassuming creatures are typically afraid of humans. The main problem that people have with groundhogs is that they eat a broad range of vegetation and make large burrows.
Groundhogs will hibernate from October until sometime in February. Once they emerge from their slumber, they have only two things on their mind…eating and mating. Groundhogs will dig an extensive burrow system (about 2-4 feet underground and 15 – 25 feet horizontally) and travel for the most part underground. You will find them most active in the early morning and late afternoon hours during feeding time. A groundhog can weigh between 4-14 pounds. They have a ferocious appetite for many types of vegetation. An adult groundhog will consume 1 ½ pounds of vegetation per day.
Once a groundhog has taken up residence, they are hard to get rid of. Even if they leave a burrow, it is not uncommon for a groundhog to return over and over to decide if they want to move back in. These return visits canhappen for up to 2 years after they leave a burrow.
Most people find that they need a wildlife control specialist to send groundhogs packing for good.